Decision to establish Baku State University was taken at a meeting of the Parliament of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic on Sept. 1, 1919. Thus, the first institution of higher education was established at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Only two departments, Historical and Medical, operated in the first academic year, where were studied 1,094 students and 44 teachers were working. The first Rector of the University was a well-known Russian scientist, a Kazan University professor, a famous surgeon V.I. Razumovsky. Such famous figures as the great Azerbaijani writers Abdulragim Hagverdiyev, Tagi Shahbazi, the famous orientalist, professor P.K. Zhuze, professor A.O. Makovelski, lawyer, professor A.O. Michelle , a famous mathematician, professor L.G. Lopatinski, chemist Mohvsunbey Khanlarov were leading teachers of the university in 1920-1930. Academicians N.Y. Marr, V.V. Bartold, academician Fuad Bek Kuprulzade gave lectures on their specialties during these years. Nobel prize laureate L.D.Landau studied at the University in 1922-24.
The national leader Heydar Aliyev called Baku State University "the national wealth of the Azerbaijani people". BSU is considered a symbol of spiritual greatness of our country, because it is the first secular institution of higher education, opened in the East. The University made great contribution to the development of education and science. Nowadays, 16 faculties operated in the BSU, where are studied 18,000 students. 100 of 1500 teachers were awarded high state orders and medals, 23 are corresponding and full members of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, 27 are Honored Scientists, 300 are professors, more than 800 are assistant professors and Ph.D.